CSH Talk by Christiane Puchhammer: "Dimensional reduction through metric pseudo-time" - CSH

CSH Talk by Christiane Puchhammer: “Dimensional reduction through metric pseudo-time”


Mar 06, 2020 | 15:0016:00

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The lecture by Christiane Puchhammer from Medical University of Vienna will take place at the Complexity Science Hub Vienna.

 

If you are interested in participating, please email to office@csh.ac.at.

Title of the Thesis:
Dimensional reduction through metric pseudo-time:
Inferring developmental processes form single cell RNA sequence data samples

 

Abstract

 

In her master thesis, Christiane analysed datasets that describe specific phases in the development of mouse embryos. Methods from physics in combination with models of complex systems were used to gain new insights into the temporal structure of gene regulation during such developmental processes.

The data sets consist of about 400 cells and the RNA expression profiles of a few thousand of their genes. The data samples the embryonic development of mice capturing the transition from one cell type to another one.
The inference problem consists of two parts. The first part (i) is to infer a developmental order of cells in the sample. This part of the thesis is concerned with dimensional reduction and constructing a so-called pseudo-time description for the developmental process. The second part (ii) deals with inferring regulatory dynamics from the inferred pseudo temporal order of cells.
It is assumed assumed that a developmental process can be described by a linearized differential equation

𝑥̇𝑖=𝐽𝑖+𝐴𝑖𝑗𝑥𝑗

with a non-linear constraint forcing the species abundances x to remain positive. The goal is to find the parameters J and A that minimize the error we make applying the equation to the pseudo time ordered data, using the method of steepest descent.
Finally,  both approaches were compared and genes that have the most impact on the process were identified.

Details

Date
Mar 06, 2020
Time
15:00—16:00

Organizer

Complexity Science Hub Vienna
Phone
+43 1 59991 600
Email
office@csh.ac.at
Website
www.csh.ac.at

Venue

CSH Vienna
Josefstaedter Straße 39
Wien,1080
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Phone
+43 1 59991 600
Website
www.csh.ac.at