In this project, we combine urban mobility data with economic complexity ideas to show that amenity complexity, central location and socio-economic mixing are interrelated in context of Budapest, Hungary.
Cities host diverse people and their mixing is the engine of prosperity. In turn, segregation and inequalities are common features of most cities and locations that enable the meeting of people with different socio-economic status are key for urban inclusion. In this study, we adopt the concept of economic complexity to quantify the ability of locations – on the level of neigh- borhoods and amenities – to attract diverse visitors from various socio-economic backgrounds across the city. Utilizing the spatial distribution of point of interests inside the city of Budapest, Hungary, we construct the measures of amenity complexity based on the local portfolio of di- verse and non-ubiquitous amenities. We investigate mixing patterns at visited third places by tracing the daily mobility of individuals and characterizing their socio-economic status by the real-estate price of their home locations. Results suggest that measures of ubiquity and diversity of amenities do not, but amenity complexity correlates with the diversity of visitors to neigh- borhoods and to actual amenities alike. We demonstrate that, in this monocentric city, amenity complexity is correlated with the relative geographic centrality of locations, which in itself is a strong predictor of socio-economic mixing. Our work combines urban mobility data with economic complexity thinking to show that the diversity of non-ubiquitous amenities, central locations, and the potentials for socio-economic mixing are interrelated.
link to the arxiv prepring: https://arxiv.org/abs/2212.07280
Sándor Juhász has been a Marie Sklodowoska Curie Postdoctoral fellow at the Complexity Science Hub Vienna since October 2022. He holds a PhD in economic geography from Utrecht University, 2019 and a PhD in economics from University of Szeged, 2020.
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Sándor Juhász will give a talk on Friday, February 3, 2023 at 3 PM in Room 201.