Economics and Finance: q-Statistical Stylized Features Galore,
The Boltzmann–Gibbs (BG) entropy and its associated statistical mechanics were generalized, three decades ago, on the basis of the nonadditive entropy Sq (q∈R), which recovers the BG entropy in the q→1 limit. The optimization of Sq under appropriate simple constraints straightforwardly yields the so-called q-exponential and q-Gaussian distributions, respectively generalizing the exponential and Gaussian ones, recovered for q=1. These generalized functions ubiquitously emerge in complex systems, especially as economic and financial stylized features. These include price returns and volumes distributions, inter-occurrence times, characterization of wealth distributions and associated inequalities, among others. Here, we briefly review the basic concepts of this q-statistical generalization and focus on its rapidly growing applications in economics and finance.
C. Tsallis, Economics and Finance: q-Statistical Stylized Features Galore, Entropy 19(9) (2017) 457