This was Berlin 2017! - CSH Vienna

This was Berlin 2017!


Nov 21, 2017

“Complexity Science for Urban Challenges”

 

The first session of the CSH-AIT Workshop in Berlin

 

On 7th of November the Austrian Institute of Technology AIT together with the Complexity Science Hub Vienna invited to a workshop within the framework of the Berlin Science Week 2017. The event should explore possible research fields for complexity science to tackle fundamental urban challenges.

 

Some possible questions were raised already beforehand in an article published in a Berlin Science Week Special of the Berlin daily “Der Tagesspiegel” (published as E-paper).

 

The article can be read here [in German language].

 

After opening remarks from Sabine Amirdschanjan (EC Representation in Berlin) and Wolfgang Knoll (Scientific Managing Director of AIT), moderator Nikolas Neubert from AIT introduced to the first panel with Stefan Thurner, Luís Bettencourt, Elke Pahl-Weber and Dirk Helbing.

(c) Philipp Marxgut
First panel of the AIT-CSH Workshop "Complexity Science for Urban Challenges" in Berlin, 7th of November, 2017. From left to right: Dirk Helbing (ETH Zurich), Stefan Thurner (Complexity Science Hub Vienna), Elke Pahl-Weber (Technical University of Berlin), Luís Bettencourt (Mansueto Institute for Urban Innovation, Chicago). Photo: Philipp Marxgut

Stefan Thurner: “Why aren’t we much smarter?”

 

Stefan questioned if we really live in a Big Data world: Despite an annual data increase of about 23 percent and a yearly increase of computing power by 58 percent, humans don’t seem to be a lot smarter today, he said: “We still cannot predict banking crashes, the exact trajectory of a hurricane or the effects of climate change. We don’t even know the population growth until 2030.”

 

The reason is simple – or let’s rather say: complex, as “all these are complex systems. And complex systems are very hard to understand.” The aim of institutions like the Complexity Science Hub Vienna is to develop an understanding for these systems. Complexity research could then for instance help “to reduce inefficiencies in cities, to make them more sustainable, more resilient and freer for all of us.”

 

 

Luís Bettencourt: “Fundamental challenges not problems of technology”

 

The second speaker, Luís M. A. Bettencourt, came all the way from Chicago where he is Pritzker Director of the Mansueto Institute for Urban Innovation at the University of Chicago – an institution that was recently set up with the help of a large donation.

 

Luís sees cities as places of constant transformation. Until recently the millions of on-goings in such places could not be understood. But today, with the help of data and complexity science, “we are coming up with new ways to understand them”. Thanks to Big Data Luís sees the next 20 years as a golden age for social complexity sciences.

 

Many challenges–as defined for instance in the UN Global Goals for Sustainable Development–, have to be solved quickly, he pointed out, and the transformative power of cities makes them the perfect place for solutions. But the speaker also raised doubts that making cities “smart” by top down city planning is the best way to do it. “We should put more thoughts in what life is about–the basic things” instead of solely sticking to technological solutions.

 

 

Elke Pahl-Weber: “Holistic questions for people centered solutions”

 

First get to know the true need of people, is also what Elke Pahl-Weber from Berlin Technical University demanded. “We rarely take a holistic perspective on urban development”, is her critique of mainstream city planning with its stand-alone solutions. One example: the replacement of gasoline-driven cars by electric vehicles. “That’s not a solution for the underlying problem: The true need of people is mobility, not what car to buy.”

 

Elke called our totally unsustainable lifestyle as one of the most pressing problems, especially in urban areas. Be it transportation or mobility, rising consumption of resources and energy or infrastructure development–modern city life rarely reaches one, let alone all of the UN Global Goals for Sustainable Development.

 

Elke misses integrated strategies: “We are ignorant about how to deal with the enormous increase in housing costs; in what ways Industry 4.0 will change city life; how to provide data network security; how to meet the problems arising from demographic change, and so on.” Her conclusion: “Please come to problem definitions first: What is needed? What would be nice to have? And then find a solution that is people centered.”

 

 

Dirk Helbing: “We have to empower people!”

 

Complexity researcher Dirk Helbing does not believe in top down solutions either: “We think too much in terms of automatization and technology”, said the sociologist from ETH Zurich, “but these solutions are a nightmare!”

 

The main problem of “smart” solutions: Cities are complex systems. “We might have the best data ever–but complexity is growing even faster. This cannot be controlled in a top down way.” Dirk proposed a new paradigm instead: empowerment and coordination. “Participation of people is really important”, he is convinced: collectively developed, open source solutions.

 

And as Europe will not ever be able to compete with Silicon Valley, why not instead develop a different growth model? To overcome the current garden thinking, work together in big teams instead of competing for the limited resources, share information. “Shared information surprisingly creates wealth”, said Dirk, “better products and services, smarter cities, a better world for the future. That’s why we have to empower people!”

 

He proposes “7 C’s: co-learning, co-creation, combinatorial innovation, co-ordination, co-operation, co-evolution, and collective intelligence” to get “smarter, participatory cities”.

c) Philipp Marxgut
Dirk Helbing: "Smarter Participatory Cities" (Photo: Philipp Marxgut)

View the first session online

 

Many thanks to Dirk Helbing, who filmed the talks of the first session. You can find his videos here:

 

Opening remarks

 

Sabine Amirdschanjan, EC Representation in Berlin,

 

Wolfgang Knoll, Scientific Managing Director of AIT,

 

Nikolas Neubert (moderator, AIT): Introduction to the first panelists.

 

 

Speakers of the first panel

 

Stefan Thurner

 

Luís Bettencourt

 

Elke Pahl-Weber

 

Dirk Helbing


Press

Komplexitätsforscher Thurner warnt vor “Multikollaps”


ORF 2 | Aktuell nach Eins, Sep 30, 2020

Press

Forscher: Theorie erklärt Entwicklung der politischen Radikalisierung


Der Standard, Sep 29, 2020

Press

Mit Datenvielfalt die Krise bewältigen [print]


Tiroler Tageszeitung, Sep 28, 2020

Press

„Nicht nötig, Maßnahmen verpflichtend zu machen“


Krone.at, Sep 28, 2020

Publication

S. Thurner

Die Zerbrechlichkeit der Welt

(2020) edition a

News

Sep 25, 2020

Corona Traffic Light New shows details for EU regions

Publication

C. Deischinger, E. Dervic, M. Leutner, L. Kosi-Trebotic, P. Klimek, A. Kautzky-Willer

Diabetes mellitus is associated with a higher risk for major depressive disorder in women than in men

BMJ Open Diab Res Care 8 (2020) e001430

Publication

H. Krichene, H. Inoue, T. Isogai, A. Chakraborty

A model for indirect losses of negatives shocks in production and finance

PLoS ONE 15(9) (2020) e0239293

News

Sep 21, 2020

Austrian “Scientists of the Year”: More funding for blue sky research!

Publication

Ž. Tomovski, J. Dubbeldam, J. Korbel

Applications of Hilfer-Prabhakar operator to option pricing financial model

Fractional Calculus and Applied Analysis, Band 23, Heft 4 (2020)

News

Sep 4, 2020

Blog | Marcia Ferreira: “Measuring researcher mobility across institutions”

News

Aug 27, 2020

CCCSL: published in prominent company

Press

Komplexitätsforscher Thurner warnt vor “Multikollaps”


ORF 2 | Aktuell nach Eins, Sep 30, 2020

Press

Forscher: Theorie erklärt Entwicklung der politischen Radikalisierung


Der Standard, Sep 29, 2020

Press

Mit Datenvielfalt die Krise bewältigen [print]


Tiroler Tageszeitung, Sep 28, 2020

Press

„Nicht nötig, Maßnahmen verpflichtend zu machen“


Krone.at, Sep 28, 2020

Publication

S. Thurner

Die Zerbrechlichkeit der Welt

(2020) edition a

News

Sep 25, 2020

Corona Traffic Light New shows details for EU regions

Publication

C. Deischinger, E. Dervic, M. Leutner, L. Kosi-Trebotic, P. Klimek, A. Kautzky-Willer

Diabetes mellitus is associated with a higher risk for major depressive disorder in women than in men

BMJ Open Diab Res Care 8 (2020) e001430

Publication

H. Krichene, H. Inoue, T. Isogai, A. Chakraborty

A model for indirect losses of negatives shocks in production and finance

PLoS ONE 15(9) (2020) e0239293

News

Sep 21, 2020

Austrian “Scientists of the Year”: More funding for blue sky research!

Publication

Ž. Tomovski, J. Dubbeldam, J. Korbel

Applications of Hilfer-Prabhakar operator to option pricing financial model

Fractional Calculus and Applied Analysis, Band 23, Heft 4 (2020)

News

Sep 4, 2020

Blog | Marcia Ferreira: “Measuring researcher mobility across institutions”

News

Aug 27, 2020

CCCSL: published in prominent company

News

Sep 25, 2020

Corona Traffic Light New shows details for EU regions

News

Sep 21, 2020

Austrian “Scientists of the Year”: More funding for blue sky research!

News

Sep 4, 2020

Blog | Marcia Ferreira: “Measuring researcher mobility across institutions”

News

Aug 27, 2020

CCCSL: published in prominent company

News

Aug 24, 2020

Why COVID-19 infection curves behave so unexpectedly [EN, D]

News

Aug 3, 2020

Crazy ideas, brilliant minds, good times!

News

Jul 29, 2020

Corona | How far we move [June & July]

News

Jul 22, 2020

New CSH group leader predicted US unrest

News

Jul 17, 2020

When emotions go viral: analysis of the COVID-19 Infodemic

News

Jul 16, 2020

Blog | Marcia Ferreira: “Sentiment in news about COVID-19 research”

News

Jul 14, 2020

Corona: Which measures work? CSH has the ranking

News

Jun 30, 2020

Second wave ahead!

Press

Komplexitätsforscher Thurner warnt vor “Multikollaps”


ORF 2 | Aktuell nach Eins, Sep 30, 2020

Press

Forscher: Theorie erklärt Entwicklung der politischen Radikalisierung


Der Standard, Sep 29, 2020

Press

Mit Datenvielfalt die Krise bewältigen [print]


Tiroler Tageszeitung, Sep 28, 2020

Press

„Nicht nötig, Maßnahmen verpflichtend zu machen“


Krone.at, Sep 28, 2020

Press

Wiener Forscher erklären mit Modell politische Radikalisierung


APA Science, Sep 29, 2020

Press

Die Berechnung der Zukunft [print]


Kronen Zeitung, Sep 26, 2020

Press

Jetzt wird’s ernst [print]


pka Journal, Sep 25, 2020

Press

Mit Big Data die Welt retten – das neue Buch von Komplexitätsforscher Stefan Thurner: „Die Zerbrechlichkeit der Welt“


Energie Blog, Sep 26, 2020

Press

“Wir brauchen nur ein bisschen mehr Disziplin”


News, Sep 26, 2020

Press

Forscher erweitern ihr Ampelsystem


orf.at, Sep 25, 2020

Press

Neue Karte zeigt europaweit regionale Corona-Ampelfarben an


Der Standard, Sep 25, 2020

Press

Medien als zweite Haut [print]


NÖN, Sep 23, 2020

Publication

S. Thurner

Die Zerbrechlichkeit der Welt

(2020) edition a

Publication

C. Deischinger, E. Dervic, M. Leutner, L. Kosi-Trebotic, P. Klimek, A. Kautzky-Willer

Diabetes mellitus is associated with a higher risk for major depressive disorder in women than in men

BMJ Open Diab Res Care 8 (2020) e001430

Publication

H. Krichene, H. Inoue, T. Isogai, A. Chakraborty

A model for indirect losses of negatives shocks in production and finance

PLoS ONE 15(9) (2020) e0239293

Publication

Ž. Tomovski, J. Dubbeldam, J. Korbel

Applications of Hilfer-Prabhakar operator to option pricing financial model

Fractional Calculus and Applied Analysis, Band 23, Heft 4 (2020)

Publication

R. M. del Rio-Chanona, P. Mealy, A. Pichler, F. Lafond, J. D. Farmer

Supply and demand shocks in the COVID-19 pandemic: an industry and occupation perspective

Oxford Review of Economic Policy (2020) graa033

Publication

J. Kertész, J. Wachs

Complexity science approach to economic crime

Nature Reviews Physics (2020)

Publication

A. Chakraborty, H. Inoue, Y. Fujiwara

Economic complexity of prefectures in Japan

PLoS ONE 15(8) (2020) e0238017

Publication

A. Desvars-Larrive, E. Dervic, N. Haug, et al.

A structured open dataset of government interventions in response to COVID-19

Scientific Data Vol 7 (2020) Art no. 285

Publication

S. Thurner, P. Klimek, R. Hanel

A network-based explanation of why most COVID-19 infection curves are linear

PNAS Aug 24 (2020)

Publication

M. Kugler, S. Thurner

Complex Systems and Their Analysis [D, EN]

in: H. Androsch, W. Knoll, A. Plimon (Eds.), Discussing Technology—Complexity, Vienna (2020) Holzhausen (German / English)

Publication

J. Lasser

Creating an executable paper is a journey through Open Science

Communications Physics 3 (2020) 143

Publication

P. Turchin, A. Korotayev

The 2010 structural-demographic forecast for the 2010–2020 decade: A retrospective assessment

PLoS ONE 15 (8) (2020) e0237458